3 years ago

Exhaustively Identifying Cross-Linked Peptides with a Linear Computational Complexity

Exhaustively Identifying Cross-Linked Peptides with a Linear Computational Complexity
Fengchao Yu, Ning Li, Weichuan Yu
Chemical cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry is a powerful tool to study protein–protein interactions and protein conformations. Two linked peptides are ionized and fragmented to produce a tandem mass spectrum. In such an experiment, a tandem mass spectrum contains ions from two peptides. The peptide identification problem becomes a peptide–peptide pair identification problem. Currently, most tools do not search all possible pairs due to the quadratic time complexity. Consequently, missed findings are unavoidable. In our previous work, we developed a tool named ECL to search all pairs of peptides exhaustively. Unfortunately, it is very slow due to the quadratic computational complexity, especially when the database is large. Furthermore, ECL uses a score function without statistical calibration, while researchers1−3 have proposed that it is inappropriate to directly compare uncalibrated scores because different spectra have different random score distributions. Here we propose an advanced version of ECL, named ECL2. It achieves a linear time and space complexity by taking advantage of the additive property of a score function. It can search a data set containing tens of thousands of spectra against a database containing thousands of proteins in a few hours. Comparison with other five state-of-the-art tools shows that ECL2 is much faster than pLink, StavroX, ProteinProspector, and ECL. Kojak is the only one that is faster than ECL2, but Kojak does not exhaustively search all possible peptide pairs. The comparison shows that ECL2 has the highest sensitivity among the state-of-the-art tools. The experiment using a large-scale in vivo cross-linking data set demonstrates that ECL2 is the only tool that can find the peptide-spectrum matches (PSMs) passing the false discovery rate/q-value threshold. The result illustrates that the exhaustive search and a well-calibrated score function are useful to find PSMs from a huge search space.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00338

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00338

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.