5 years ago

Different organic loading rates on the biogas production during the anaerobic digestion of rice straw: A pilot study

The aim of this work was to investigate the mesophilic methane fermentation of rice straw at different organic loading rates (OLRs) in a 300m3 bioreactor. It was found that biogas production increased when the OLR was below 2.00kg VSsubstrate/(m3·d). The average volumetric biogas production reached 0.86m3/(m3·d) at an OLR of 2.00kg VSsubstrate/(m3·d). Biogas production rate was 323m3/t dry rice straw over the whole process. The pH, chemical oxygen demand, volatile fatty acid, and NH4 +-N concentrations were all in optimal range at different OLRs. High-throughput sequencing analysis indicated that Firmicutes, Fibrobacteres, and Spirochaetes predominated in straw samples. Chloroflexi, Proteobacteria, and Planctomycetes were more abundant in the slurry. The hydrogenotrophic pathway was the main biochemical pathway of methanogenesis in the reactor. This study provides new information regarding the OLR and the differences in the spatial distribution of specific microbiota in a rice straw biogas plant.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960852417312622

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