3 years ago

Microalgal-biochar immobilized complex: A novel efficient biosorbent for cadmium removal from aqueous solution

Microalgal-biochar immobilized complex: A novel efficient biosorbent for cadmium removal from aqueous solution
The feasibility of the bioremediation of cadmium (Cd) using microalgal-biochar immobilized complex (MBIC) was investigated. Major operating parameters (e.g., pH, biosorbent dosage, initial Cd(II) concentration and microalgal-biochar ratio) were varied to compare the treatability of viable algae (Chlorella sp.), biochar and MBIC. The biosorption isotherms obtained by using algae or biochar were found to have satisfactory Langmuir predictions, while the best fitting adsorption isotherm model for MBIC was the Sips model. The maximum Cd(II) adsorption capacity of MBIC with a Chlorella sp.: biochar ratio of 2:3 (217.41mgg−1) was higher than that of Chlorella sp. (169.92mgg−1) or biochar (95.82mgg−1) alone. The pseudo-second-order model fitted the biosorption process of MBIC well (R2 >0.999). Moreover, zeta potential, SEM and FTIR studies revealed that electrostatic attraction, ion exchange and surface complexation were the main mechanisms responsible for Cd removal when using MBIC.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960852417313901

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