5 years ago

Confocal epifluorescence sensor with an arc-shaped aperture for slide-based PCR quantification

Confocal epifluorescence sensor with an arc-shaped aperture for slide-based PCR quantification
The increasing needs of point-of-care diagnostics, quarantine of epidemic pathogens, and prevention of terrorism's bio-attacks have promised the future of portable real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) sensors. This work aims at developing a highly sensitive and low-cost light emitting diode (LED)-based epifluorescence sensor module for qPCR sensor development and relevant bioassay applications. Inspired by the light stop design and dark-field detection of microscopes, this paper first reports a compact confocal LED epifluorescence sensor using a light stop with an arc-shaped aperture for enhancing the flexibility of quick DNA and PCR detection. The sensor features the advantages of the dichroic mirror-free and confocal (shared-focus) characteristics, which benefits size reduction and minimal optics used. It also allows extension to integrate with in situ real-time PCR thermal cycling since the sample slide is placed apart from the epi-sensing module. The epifluorescence sensor can detect as low as sub-ng/μL standard DNA and 101 copies of Salmonella typhimurium InvA gene sequences (cloned in E. coli and after 30-cycle PCR) with SYBR® Green I from non-purified culture samples, having highly sensitive and specific signal responses comparable with that of a commercial qPCR instrument.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0956566317305870

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