5 years ago

Peroxotantalate-Based Ionic Liquid Catalyzed Epoxidation of Allylic Alcohols with Hydrogen Peroxide

Peroxotantalate-Based Ionic Liquid Catalyzed Epoxidation of Allylic Alcohols with Hydrogen Peroxide
Difan Li, Qifeng Dong, Zhenshan Hou, Kang Kong, Kun Li, Wenbao Ma, Chen Chen, Mingming Yuan
The efficient and environmentally benign epoxidation of allylic alcohols has been attained by using new kinds of monomeric peroxotantalate anion-functionalized ionic liquids (ILs=[P4,4,4,n]3[Ta(O)3(η-O2)], P4,4,4,n=quaternary phosphonium cation, n=4, 8, and 14), which have been developed and their structures determined accordingly. This work revealed the parent anions of the ILs underwent structural transformation in the presence of H2O2. The formed active species exhibited excellent catalytic activity, with a turnover frequency for [P4,4,4,4]3[Ta(O)3(η-O2)] of up to 285 h−1, and satisfactory recyclability in the epoxidation of various allylic alcohols under very mild conditions by using only one equivalent of hydrogen peroxide as an oxidant. NMR studies showed the reaction was facilitated through a hydrogen-bonding mechanism, in which the peroxo group (O–O) of the peroxotantalate anion served as the hydrogen-bond acceptor and hydroxyl group in the allylic alcohols served as the hydrogen-bond donor. This work demonstrates that simple monomeric peroxotantalates can catalyze epoxidation of allylic alcohols efficiently. IL at ease: Novel ionic liquids (ILs) consisting of quaternary phosphonium cations and a monomeric peroxotantalate anion have been prepared and their structures were determined accordingly. The ILs exhibited highly catalytic performance for the epoxidation of allylic alcohols under solvent-free and ice bath conditions. The parent anions of the ILs underwent structural changes after reaction with H2O2 and a hydrogen-bond interaction between the peroxotantalate anion and hydroxyl group of allylic alcohols is proposed.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201605661

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