5 years ago

Outcomes of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (from the Los Angeles County Regional System)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the time to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the outcome for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In this regional system, all patients with STEMI and/or OHCA with return of spontaneous circulation were transported to STEMI Receiving Centers. The outcomes registry was queried for patients with STEMI with underwent primary PCI from April 2011 to December 2014. Patients with STEMI complicated by OHCA were compared with a reference group of STEMI without OHCA. The primary end point was the first medical contact-to-device time. Of 4,729 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI, 422 patients (9%) suffered OHCA. Patients with OHCA were on average 2 years (95% confidence interval 0.7 to 3.0) older and had a slightly higher male predominance. The first medical contact-to-device time was longer in STEMI with OHCA compared with STEMI alone (94 ± 37 vs. 86 ± 34 minutes, p < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality was higher after OHCA, 38% versus 6% in STEMI alone, odds ratio 6.3 (95% confidence interval 5.3 to 7.4). Among OHCA survivors, 193 (73%) were discharged with a cerebral performance category score of 1 or 2. In conclusion, despite longer treatment intervals, neurologic outcome was good in nearly half of the surviving patients with STEMI complicated by OHCA, suggesting that these patients can be effectively treated with primary PCI in a regionalized system of care.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002914917309682

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