4 years ago

Management of Chronic Total Coronary Occlusion in Stable Ischemic Heart Disease by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Versus Medical Therapy

Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in approximately 20% of angiograms. We sought to assess the variation in the management of patients with CTOs and to compare the clinical outcomes of CTO lesions with those of non-CTO lesions. We conducted a population-based cohort study and included all patients with stable angina who underwent cardiac catheterization from October 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality and hospitalization for myocardial infarction. A total of 7,864 patients were included, of whom 2,279 (29%) had a CTO. There were substantial differences in revascularization rates for patients with CTOs across hospitals in Ontario (44.9% to 94.1%). Revascularization was associated with improved outcomes in the overall cohort. Although the advantage of coronary artery bypass grafting over medical therapy was consistent in both patients with CTOs and patients without CTOs, the benefit of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was limited to patients without CTOs (hazard ratio 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.40– to 0.78), with no difference in patients with CTOs. The CTO lesion, however, was revascularized in few of the PCI cases (41.1%), with PCI limited to the non-CTO lesion in most patients.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002914917309670

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