5 years ago

Six-Year Outcome of Subjects Without Overt Heart Disease with an Early Repolarization/J Wave Electrocardiographic Pattern

“Early repolarization” (ER) is a frequent finding at standard electrocardiogram (ECG). In this study we assessed whether ER is associated with an increased risk of events, as recently suggested by some studies. We prospectively enrolled 4176 consecutive individuals without any heart disease, undergoing routine ECG recording. ER was diagnosed in case of typical concave ST-segment elevation ≥0.1 mV; a J wave was diagnosed when the QRS showed a notch or a slur in its terminal part. In this study we compared the 6-year outcome of all 687 subjects with ER/J wave and 687 matched subjects without ER/J wave (controls). Both groups included 335 males and 352 females, and age was 48.8±18 years. Overall, 145 deaths occurred (11%), only 11 of which attributed to cardiac causes. No sudden death was reported. Cardiac deaths occurred in 5 (0.8%) and 6 (0.9%) ER/J wave subjects and controls, respectively (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.26-2.80; p=0.79). Both ER (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 0.21-13.3; p=0.62) and J wave (OR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.28-3.00; p=0.88) showed no association with cardiac death. Total mortality was 11.5% in the ER/J wave group and 10.6% in the control group (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.78-1.56; p=0.58). Both ER (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.16-1.24; p=0.12) and J wave (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.85-1.70; p=0.30) showed also no association with all-cause death. In individuals without any evidence of heart disease, we found no significant association of ER/J wave with the risk of cardiac, as well as all-cause, death at medium-term follow-up.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S000291491731398X

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