5 years ago

Drug-coated versus bare-metal stents for elderly patients: A predefined sub-study of the LEADERS FREE trial

The randomized, LEADERS FREE trial showed superior safety and efficacy of a polymer-free DCS vs. a bare metal stent in high-bleeding risk patients with only one month dual antiplatelet treatment. We report characteristics and outcomes of the pre-specified group of elderly patients (aged ≥75). Methods Age >75 was one of the trial's inclusion criteria. The main additional criteria were: need for oral anticoagulants, recent bleeding, anemia, chronic renal failure and cancer. All patients received 1month DAPT only. Both primary endpoints (efficacy: clinically driven TLR and safety: composite of cardiac death, MI and stent thrombosis) as well as bleeding were recorded up to 390days. Results 1564 elderly patients (63.4% of the population) were enrolled with a mean of 2 inclusion criteria/patient. The primary safety endpoint was reached less frequently in DCS than BMS patients (10.7 vs. 14.3%, p =0.03), as was the primary efficacy endpoint (5.8 vs. 10.8% p =0.0003). Major bleeding rates were high and similar in both groups (7.3 vs. 8.2%, p =0.55). For the 562 (23.4%) patients with age as sole entry criterion, trends were similar for DCS and BMS patients respectively: safety endpoint (7.3%vs.11.4% p =0.10) and Cd TLR (4.7 vs. 13.2% p =0.0003), but for both groups, major bleeding occurred less frequently than for elderly patients with more comorbid conditions (3.6%vs. 2.8%). Conclusion Compared to a BMS, use of a DCS together with a short one-month DAPT course was associated with significant safety and efficacy benefits for the elderly patients enrolled in LEADERS FREE.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016752731730829X

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