4 years ago

Randomized, multicenter trial comparing sternotomy closure with rigid plate fixation to wire cerclage

To evaluate sternal healing, complications, and costs after sternotomy closure with rigid plate fixation or wire cerclage. Methods This prospective, single-blinded, multicenter trial randomized 236 patients at 12 US centers at the time of sternal closure to either rigid plate fixation (n = 116) or wire cerclage (n = 120). The primary endpoint, sternal healing at 6 months, was evaluated by a core laboratory using computed tomography and a 6-point scale (greater scores represent greater healing). Secondary endpoints included sternal complications and costs from the time of sternal closure through 6 months. Results Rigid plate fixation resulted in better sternal healing scores at 3 (2.6 ± 1.1 vs 1.8 ± 1.0; P < .0001) and 6 months (3.8 ± 1.0 vs 3.3 ± 1.1; P = .0007) and greater sternal union rates at 3 (41% [42/103] vs 16% [16/102]; P < .0001) and 6 months (80% [81/101] vs 67% [67/100]; P = .03) compared with wire cerclage. There were fewer sternal complications through 6 months with rigid plate fixation (0% [0/116] vs 5% [6/120]; P = .03) and a trend towards fewer sternal wound infections (0% [0/116] vs 4.2% [5/120]; P = .06) compared with wire cerclage. Although rigid plate fixation was associated with a trend toward greater index hospitalization costs ($23,437 vs $20,574; P = .11), 6-month follow-up costs tended to be lower ($9002 vs $13,511; P = .14). As a result, total costs from randomization through 6 months were similar between groups ($32,439 vs $34,085; P = .61). Conclusions Sternotomy closure with rigid plate fixation resulted in significantly better sternal healing, fewer sternal complications, and no additional cost compared with wire cerclage at 6 months after surgery.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022522316315033

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.