3 years ago

Impact of retained blood requiring reintervention on outcomes after cardiac surgery

Evacuation of shed blood from around the heart and lungs is a critical requirement for patients in early recovery after cardiac surgery. Incomplete evacuation of shed blood can result in retained blood, which may require subsequent reinterventions to facilitate recovery. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of retained blood requiring reintervention and examine the impact on outcomes. Methods We performed a cross-sectional, observational study of all adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery between 2006 and 2013. Subjects who required an intervention to remove blood, blood clot, or bloodily fluid were attributed to the retained blood group. These patients were compared with those not presenting with any of the defined criteria for retained blood. Multivariate regression was performed to account for confounders. Results Of 6909 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery, 1316 (19%) presented with a retained blood-related condition. Retained blood was associated with increased in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 4.041; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.589-6.351, P < .001) and a length of stay more than 13 days in the hospital (OR, 3.853; 95% CI, 2.882-5.206; P < .001) and 5 days in the intensive care unit (OR, 4.602; 95% CI, 3.449-6.183; P < .001). The OR for a time of ventilation greater than 23 hours was 3.596 (95% CI, 2.690-4.851; P < .001) and for incidence of renal replacement therapy was 4.449 (95% CI, 3.188-6.226; P < .001). Conclusions Postoperative retained blood is a common outcome and associated with higher in-hospital mortality, longer intensive care unit and hospital stay, and higher incidence of renal replacement therapy. Further research is needed to validate these results and explore interventions to reduce these complications.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S002252231630109X

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.