5 years ago

Significance of [2Fe-2S] Cluster N1a for Electron Transfer and Assembly of Escherichia coli Respiratory Complex I

Significance of [2Fe-2S] Cluster N1a for Electron Transfer and Assembly of Escherichia coli Respiratory Complex I
Isabella R. Straub, Johannes Schimpf, Thorsten Friedrich, Katerina Dörner, Marta Vranas, Jo Hoeser
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, respiratory complex I, couples electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone with proton translocation across the membrane. NADH reduces a noncovalently bound FMN, and the electrons are transported further to the quinone reduction site by a 95 Å long chain of seven iron–sulfur (Fe–S) clusters. Binuclear Fe–S cluster N1a is not part of this long chain but is located within electron transfer distance on the opposite site of FMN. The relevance of N1a to the mechanism of complex I is not known. To elucidate its role, we individually substituted the cysteine residues coordinating N1a of Escherichia coli complex I by alanine and serine residues. The mutations led to a significant loss of the NADH oxidase activity of the mutant membranes, while the amount of the complex was only slightly diminished. N1a could not be detected by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and unexpectedly, the content of binuclear cluster N1b located on a neighboring subunit was significantly decreased. Because of the lack of N1a and the partial loss of N1b, the variants did not survive detergent extraction from the mutant membranes. Only the C97AE variant retained N1a and was purified by chromatographic steps. The preparation showed a slightly diminished NADH/ferricyanide oxidoreductase activity, while the NADH:decyl-ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity was not affected. N1a of this preparation showed unusual spectroscopic properties indicating a different ligation. We discuss whether N1a is involved in the physiological electron transfer reaction.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01058

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b01058

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