5 years ago

Properties of Intermediates in the Catalytic Cycle of Oxalate Oxidoreductase and Its Suicide Inactivation by Pyruvate

Properties of Intermediates in the Catalytic Cycle of Oxalate Oxidoreductase and Its Suicide Inactivation by Pyruvate
Steven O. Mansoorabadi, George H. Reed, Elizabeth Pierce, Stephen W. Ragsdale, Mehmet Can
Oxalate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (OOR) is an unusual member of the thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP)-dependent 2-oxoacid:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (OFOR) family in that it catalyzes the coenzyme A (CoA)-independent conversion of oxalate into 2 equivalents of carbon dioxide. This reaction is surprising because binding of CoA to the acyl-TPP intermediate of other OFORs results in formation of a CoA ester, and in the case of pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR), CoA binding generates the central metabolic intermediate acetyl-CoA and promotes a 105-fold acceleration of the rate of electron transfer. Here we describe kinetic, spectroscopic, and computational results to show that CoA has no effect on catalysis by OOR and describe the chemical rationale for why this cofactor is unnecessary in this enzymatic transformation. Our results demonstrate that, like PFOR, OOR binds pyruvate and catalyzes decarboxylation to form the same hydroxyethylidine–TPP (HE–TPP) intermediate and one-electron transfer to generate the HE–TPP radical. However, in OOR, this intermediate remains stranded at the active site as a covalent inhibitor. These and other results indicate that, like other OFOR family members, OOR generates an oxalate-derived adduct with TPP (oxalyl-TPP) that undergoes decarboxylation and one-electron transfer to form a radical intermediate remaining bound to TPP (dihydroxymethylidene–TPP). However, unlike in PFOR, where CoA binding drives formation of the product, in OOR, proton transfer and a conformational change in the “switch loop” alter the redox potential of the radical intermediate sufficiently to promote the transfer of an electron into the iron–sulfur cluster network, leading directly to a second decarboxylation and completing the catalytic cycle.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00222

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00222

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.