5 years ago

Exploring the mitochondrial microRNA import pathway through Polynucleotide Phosphorylase (PNPase)

Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of mortality for individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. During the diabetic condition, cardiovascular dysfunction can be partially attributed to molecular changes in the tissue, including alterations in microRNA (miRNA) interactions. MiRNAs have been reported in the mitochondrion and their presence may influence cellular bioenergetics, creating decrements in functional capacity. In this study, we examined the roles of Argonaute 2 (Ago2), a protein associated with cytosolic and mitochondrial miRNAs, and Polynucleotide Phosphorylase (PNPase), a protein found in the inner membrane space of the mitochondrion, to determine their role in mitochondrial miRNA import. In cardiac tissue from human and mouse models of type 2 diabetes mellitus, Ago2 protein levels were unchanged while PNPase protein expression levels were increased; also, there was an increase in the association between both proteins in the diabetic state. MiRNA-378 was found to be significantly increased in db/db mice, leading to decrements in ATP6 levels and ATP synthase activity, which was also exhibited when overexpressing PNPase in HL-1 cardiomyocytes and in HL-1 cells with stable miRNA-378 overexpression (HL-1-378). To assess potential therapeutic interventions, flow cytometry evaluated the capacity for targeting miRNA-378 species in mitochondria through antimiR treatment, revealing miRNA-378 level-dependent inhibition. Our study establishes PNPase as a contributor to mitochondrial miRNA import through the transport of miRNA-378, which may regulate bioenergetics during type 2 diabetes mellitus. Further, our data provide evidence that manipulation of PNPase levels may enhance the delivery of antimiR therapeutics to mitochondria in physiological and pathological conditions.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022282817301232

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.