4 years ago

MG53 is dispensable for T-tubule maturation but critical for maintaining T-tubule integrity following cardiac stress

The cardiac transverse (T)-tubule membrane system is the safeguard for cardiac function and undergoes dramatic remodeling in response to cardiac stress. However, the mechanism by which cardiomyocytes repair damaged T-tubule network remains unclear. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that MG53, a muscle-specific membrane repair protein, antagonizes T-tubule damage to protect against maladaptive remodeling and thereby loss of excitation-contraction coupling and cardiac function. Using MG53-knockout (MG53-KO) mice, we first established that deficiency of MG53 had no impact on maturation of the T-tubule network in developing hearts. Additionally, MG53 ablation did not influence T-tubule integrity in unstressed adult hearts as late as 10months of age. Following left ventricular pressure overload-induced cardiac stress, MG53 protein levels were increased by three-fold in WT mice as compared to sham-operated controls, indicating that pathological stress induces MG53. MG53- deficient mice had worsened T-tubule disruption and pronounced dysregulation of Ca2+ handling properties, including decreased Ca2+ transient amplitude and prolonged time to peak and decay. Moreover, MG53 deficiency exacerbated cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction and decreased survival following cardiac stress. Our data suggest MG53 is not required for T-tubule development and maintenance in normal physiology. However, MG53 is essential to preserve T-tubule integrity and thereby Ca2+ handling properties and cardiac function under pathological cardiac stress.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022282817302882

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