5 years ago

Blood Stasis on Transcatheter Valve Leaflets and Implications for Valve-in-Valve Leaflet Thrombosis

Leaflet thrombosis after valve-in-valve (ViV) procedure has been increasingly recognized. This study aimed to investigate the flow dynamics aspect of leaflet thrombosis by quantifying the blood stasis on the noncoronary and coronary leaflets of a surgical aortic valve (SAV) and a transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) in a ViV setting. Methods Two computational models, representing a SAV and a TAV in ViV setting, were developed in a patient-specific geometry. Three-dimensional flow fields were obtained through a fluid-solid interaction modeling approach to study the difference in blood residence time (BRT) on the coronary and noncoronary leaflets. Results Longer BRT was observed on the TAV leaflets compared with the SAV, specifically near the leaflet fixed boundary. Particularly, at the end of diastole, the areas of high BRT (≥1.2 seconds) on the surface of the TAV model leaflets were four times larger than those of the SAV model. The distribution of BRT on the three leaflets exhibited a similar pattern in the model for the TAV in ViV setting. That was in contrast to the SAV model where large areas of high BRT were observed on the noncoronary leaflet. Conclusions Geometric confinement of the TAV by the leaflets and the frame of the degenerated bioprosthesis that circumferentially surround the TAV stent increases the BRT on the leaflets, which may act as a permissive factor in the TAV leaflet thrombosis after ViV procedure. A similar distribution pattern of BRT observed on the TAV leaflets may explain the similar rate of occurrence of thrombosis on the three leaflets.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0003497517303582

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.