5 years ago

Cardiac Arrhythmia After Open Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Cardiac arrhythmias commonly arise after cardiac surgery and are associated with poor prognosis. In thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair, these complications are poorly understood. We assessed characteristics, incidence, outcomes, and potential predictors of postoperative arrhythmia (PA) after open TAAA repair. Methods From 2010 to 2014, 403 consecutive open TAAA replacement operations were performed in patients without preoperative cardiac rhythm abnormalities at a single tertiary center. We compared preoperative characteristics, operative factors, and postoperative outcomes in patients with and without PA, and we used multivariable logistic regression to identify predictors of PA. Results PA occurred after 107 (26.5%) procedures. Atrial fibrillation (23%) was the most common type of PA. Length of hospital stay and operative mortality were greater in patients with PA than in patients without it (p < 0.01 for both). Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival for patients with PA was lower than for patients without PA: 69.2% ± 4.6% versus 88.3% ± 2.0% at 1 year and 59.0% ± 5.3% versus 85.0% ± 2.3% at 3 years (p < 0.001 for both). The odds of PA increased with advancing age (1.07 per year; p < 0.001). In addition, the odds of developing PA were higher in patients who received visceral perfusion (odds ratio, 2.58; p = 0.001) and were lower in patients who underwent extent IV repair (odds ratio, 0.44; p = 0.01). Conclusions Postoperative cardiac arrhythmia was common after open TAAA repair. Older patients and patients who underwent visceral perfusion were more likely to develop PA. Cardiac arrhythmia after TAAA repair was associated with prolonged hospital stay, higher early mortality, and lower midterm survival.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0003497517301911

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