3 years ago

Foreign gene expression and induction of antibody response by recombinant fowl adenovirus-9-based vectors with exogenous promoters

Fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) are promising vectors for poultry vaccines and gene therapy. The commonly used human cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter in recombinant FAdV-9 viruses (recFAdV-9s) leads to foreign gene expression that elicits an antibody response. Despite its strength, studies have shown that the CMV promoter is prone to silencing by methylation hampering the in vivo application of vectors containing this promoter. Therefore, to improve our virus vector system and circumvent potential limitations of silencing, we engineered recFAdV-9s with foreign gene expression cassettes carrying the CMV enhancer/chicken β-actin (CAG) or the human elongation factor 1 alpha (EF1α) promoters with or without the posttranscriptional regulatory element of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WPRE). Chicken hepatoma cells (CH-SAH) infected with recFAdV-9s carrying either CAG or EF1α promoters expressed higher levels of foreign protein than those infected with recFAdV-9 carrying the CMV promoter. Incorporation of the WPRE element rendered lower gene expression regardless of promoter type. Surprisingly, most chickens inoculated with recFAdV-9 containing the CMV promoter had the highest antibody response to foreign protein compared to other promoters. Our findings suggest the importance of promoter selection for candidate virus vector vaccines based on humoral immune response rather than foreign protein expression levels in vitro.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0264410X17310137

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