5 years ago

Reaction coordinates and transition states in enzymatic catalysis

Reaction coordinates and transition states in enzymatic catalysis
Iñaki Tuñón, Kirill Zinovjev
Enzymatic reactions are complex chemical processes taking place in complex dynamic environments. Theoretical characterization of these reactions requires the determination of the reaction coordinate and the transition state ensemble. This is not an easy task because many degrees of freedom may be involved in principle. We present recent efforts to find good enzymatic reaction coordinates and the implications of these findings in the interpretation of enzymatic efficiency. In particular, we analyze different strategies based on the use of minimum free energy paths and direct localization of the dividing surface on multidimensional free energy surfaces. Another strategy is based on the generation of reactive trajectories, using the transition path sampling method, from which transition state configurations can be harvested. Most of the applications carried out until now coincide to stress the change in the nature of the reaction coordinate, in terms of the participation of the chemical and environmental degrees of freedom, as the reaction advances. The degrees of freedom of the chemical system are dominant at the transition state while environmental participation can be more important at early or late stages of the process. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. The enzymatic transition state defined as a dividing surface in configuration space with the highest free energy.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/wcms.1329

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