3 years ago

The role of spacer carbon chain in acidic functional monomers on the physicochemical properties of self-etch dental adhesives

To evaluate the effects of acidic functional monomers with different hydrophilicity and spacer carbon chain length on the degree of conversion (DC), wettability (contact angle), water sorption (WS) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of experimental one-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs). Methods A series of standard resin blends was prepared with each formulation containing 15mol% of each acidic monomer. The structural variations of the acidic monomers were MEP (spacer chain with 2 carbons), MDP (10-carbons), MDDP (12-carbons), MTEP (more hydrophilic polyether spacer) and CAP-P (intermediate hydrophilicity ester spacer). Dumbbell-shaped and disc specimens were prepared and tested for UTS and WS, respectively. DC was assessed by FTIR, while the wettability of each 1-SEA was evaluated on glass slides and flat dentine surfaces. Results were analysed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p <0.05). Results The outcomes showed lower UTS for CAP-P, control blend and MEP than MTEP, MDDP and MDP (p <0.05). The degree of conversion was statistically similar for all resins (p =0.122). On dentine, the wettability was higher (lower contact angle) with the most hydrophilic monomer MTEP. Higher WS was attained using MTEP. Different lengths of the spacer chains did not result in different wettability and WS (p >0.05). Conclusion At similar molar percentage, different acidic functional monomers induced similar degree of conversion and different UTS when included in a 1-SEA. However, the inclusion of highly hydrophilic monomer may increase the wettability on dentine and the WS.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0300571214000578

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