3 years ago

Comparative effectiveness of biologic agents for the treatment of psoriasis in a real-world setting: Results from a large, prospective, observational study (Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry [PSOLAR])

Comparing effectiveness of biologics in real-world settings will help inform treatment decisions. Objectives We sought to compare therapeutic responses among patients initiating infliximab, adalimumab, or etanercept versus ustekinumab during the Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry (PSOLAR). Methods Proportions of patients achieving a Physician Global Assessment score of clear (0)/minimal (1) and mean decrease in percentage of body surface area with psoriasis were evaluated at 6 and 12 months. Adjusted logistic regression (Physician Global Assessment score 0/1) and analysis of covariance (percentage of body surface area with psoriasis) were performed to determine treatment factors associated with effectiveness. Results Of 2541 new users on registry, 2076 had efficacy data: ustekinumab (n = 1041), infliximab (n = 116), adalimumab (n = 662), and etanercept (n = 257). Patients receiving tumor necrosis factor-alpha(-α) inhibitors were significantly less likely to achieve Physician Global Assessment score 0/1 versus ustekinumab (infliximab [odds ratio {OR} 0.396, P < .0001], adalimumab [OR 0.686, P = .0012], etanercept [OR 0.554, P = .0003] at 6 months and infliximab [OR 0.449, P = .0040] at 12 months). Mean decrease in percentage of body surface area with psoriasis was significantly greater for ustekinumab versus adalimumab (point estimate 1.833, P = .0020) and etanercept (point estimate 3.419, P < .0001) at 6 months and versus infliximab (point estimate 3.945, P = .0005) and etanercept (point estimate 2.778, P = .0007) at 12 months. Limitations Treatment selection bias and limited data for doing adjustments are limitations. Conclusions In PSOLAR, effectiveness of ustekinumab was significantly better versus all 3 tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors studied for the majority of comparisons at 6 and 12 months.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0190962215025682

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