3 years ago

Dihydrocapsaicin Attenuates Blood Brain Barrier and Cerebral Damage in Focal Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion via Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory

Piyawadee Wicha, Jiraporn Tocharus, Adchara Janyou, Apichart Suksamrarn, Jinatta Jittiwat, Chainarong Tocharus
This study investigated the effect of dihydrocapsaicin (DHC) on cerebral and blood brain barrier (BBB) damage in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) models. The models were induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h followed by reperfusion. The rats were divided into five groups: sham, or control group; vehicle group; and 2.5 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, and 10 mg/kg BW DHC-treated I/R groups. After 24 h of reperfusion, we found that DHC significantly reduced the area of infarction, morphology changes in the neuronal cells including apoptotic cell death, and also decreased the BBB damage via reducing Evan Blue leakage, water content, and ultrastructure changes, in addition to increasing the tight junction (TJ) protein expression. DHC also activated nuclear-related factor-2 (Nrf2) which involves antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and significantly decreased oxidative stress and inflammation via down-regulated reactive oxygen species (ROS), NADPH oxidase (NOX2, NOX4), nuclear factor kappa-beta (NF-ĸB), and nitric oxide (NO), including matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) levels. DHC protected the cerebral and the BBB from I/R injury via attenuation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Therefore, this study offers to aid future development for protection against cerebral I/R injury in humans.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-11181-5

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-11181-5

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