5 years ago

Uterine ERα epigenetic modifications are induced by the endocrine disruptor endosulfan in female rats with impaired fertility

High ERα activity may disrupt the window of uterine receptivity, causing defective implantation. We investigated whether implantation failures prompted by endosulfan are associated with aberrant ERα uterine expression and DNA methylation status during the pre-implantation period. ERα-dependent target genes that play a crucial role in the uterine receptivity for embryo attachment and implantation were also investigated. Newborn female rats received corn oil (vehicle, Control), 6 μg/kg/d of endosulfan (Endo6) or 600 μg/kg/d of endosulfan (Endo600) on postnatal days (PND) 1, 3, 5, and 7. On PND90, females were made pregnant and on gestational day 5 (GD5, pre-implantation period) uterine samples were collected. ERα expression was assessed at protein and mRNA levels by immunohistochemistry and real time RT-PCR, respectively. ERα transcript variants mRNA containing alternative 5’-untranslated regions (5′UTRs) were also evaluated. We searched for predicted transcription factors binding sites in ERα regulatory regions and assessed their methylation status by Methylation-Sensitive Restriction Enzymes-PCR technique (MSRE-PCR). The expression of the ERα-dependent uterine target genes, i.e. mucin-1 (MUC-1), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), was assessed by real time RT-PCR. Both doses of endosulfan increased the expression of ERα and its transcript variants ERα-OS, ERα-O, ERα-OT and ERα-E1. Moreover, a decreased DNA methylation levels were detected in some ERα regulatory regions, suggesting an epigenetic up-regulation of it transcription. ERα overexpression was associated with an induction of its downstream genes, MUC-1 and IGF-1, suggesting that endosulfan might alter the uterine estrogenic pathway compromising uterine receptivity. These alterations could account, at least in part, for the endosulfan-induced implantation failures.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0303720717302976

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.