3 years ago

Pancreatic-derived factor impaired glucagon-like Peptide-1 production from GLUTag enterendorine L-cell line and intestines

Pancreatic-derived factor (PANDER) is a pancreatic islet-specific cytokine that co-secretes with insulin. However, its biological function remains largely unknown. We have recently shown that the intestine might be its novel target tissue. The aim of this study was to clarify whether PANDER impacts the production of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Methods We treated GLUTag cells from the mouse intestine L cell line with recombinant PANDER protein and hepatic overexpression of PANDER in an obese murine model. Results In GLUTag cells, PANDER exposure led to decreased proglucagon gene mRNA expression and GLP-1 secretion without affecting cell viability or caspase-3 activation. Overexpression of PANDER in mice induced glucose intolerance and impaired glucose-stimulated GLP-1 secretion Moreover, PANDER blocked insulin-induced GLP-1 secretion by inhibiting the insulin signalling-Wnt pathway and directly inhibited the cAMP/PKA pathway. Conclusions Our findings indicate that intestinal L cells are responsive to PANDER, and elevated PANDER levels impair GLP-1 production in vitro and in vivo.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0303720717302903

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