3 years ago

Anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects induced by corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) injections into the periaqueductal gray are modulated by CRF1 receptor in mice

Chemical or electrical stimulation of the dorsal portion of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (dPAG) produces anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects. In rats, chemical stimulation of dPAG by local infusion of the neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) provokes anxiogenic effects in the elevated plus-maze test (EPM). CRF also produces antinociception when injected intracerebroventricularly in rats, however it remains unclear whether this response is also observed following CRF injection into the dPAG in mice. Yet, given that there are CRF1 and CRF2 receptor subtypes within the PAG, it is important to show in which receptor subtypes CRF exert its anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects in the dPAG. Here, we investigated the role of these receptors in the anxiogenic (assessed in the EPM) and antinociceptive (assessed by the Formalin test: 2.5% formalin injection into the right hind paw) effects following intra-dPAG infusion of CRF in mice. The results show that intra-dPAG injections of CRF (75pmol/0.1μl and 150pmol/0.2μl) produced dose-dependent anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects. In addition, local infusion of NBI 27914 (5-chloro-4-(N-(cyclopropyl)methyl-N-propylamino)-2-methyl-6-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)-aminopyridine; 2nmol/0.2μl), a CRF1 receptor antagonist, completely blocked both the anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects induced by local infusion of CRF, while that of antisauvagine 30 (ASV30; 1nmol/0.2μl), a CRF2 receptor antagonist, did not alter the CRF effects. Present results are suggestive that CRF1 (but not CRF2) receptors play a crucial role in the anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects induced by CRF in the dPAG in mice.

Highlights

► Intra-dPAG CRF produces antinociception and increases anxiety in mice exposed to the elevated plus-maze (EPM). ► Anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects produced by intra-dPAG CRF are prevented by local infusion of CRF1 receptor antagonist. ► Blockade of CRF2 receptors in the dPAG does not change the anxiogenic and antinociceptive effects produced by CRF injection. ► dPAG CRF1 (but not CRF2) receptors play an important role in the anxiety and antinociception induced by the local CRF.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0018506X11001346

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