4 years ago

Impact of sex on hyperalgesia induced by sleep loss

This study evaluated the impact of sex on the short term consequences of different periods of sleep deprivation and the effect of the respective sleep recovery periods on nociceptive responses. Male and female C57BL/6J mice were assigned to the following groups: paradoxical sleep deprived (PSD) for 72h, sleep restricted (SR) for 15days, exposed to respective recovery periods for 24h, or untreated home-cage controls (CTRL). Mice were submitted to a noxious thermal stimulus to evaluate their nociceptive response after PSD, SR, or recovery periods. Blood was collected for hormonal analysis. The nociceptive response was significantly lower in PSD and SR mice compared to CTRL animals, regardless of the sex. However, SR females had a lower paw withdrawal threshold than males. Sleep recovery was able to restore normal nociceptive sensitivity after PSD in both sexes. The hyperalgesia induced by SR was not reversed by sleep rebound. In females, low concentrations of estradiol were found after SR, and these concentrations continued to decrease after 24hours of sleep recovery. The PSD male mice exhibited higher concentrations of corticosterone than the CTRL and SR male mice. Corticosterone levels were not affected by SR. Our study revealed that PSD and SR induce hyperalgesia in mice. The SR groups showed marked changes in the nociceptive response, and the females were more sensitive to these alterations. This finding indicates that, although different periods of sleep deprivation change the nociceptive sensitivity in male and female mice, sex could influence hyperalgesia induced by chronic sleep loss.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0018506X10002849

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