3 years ago

Evolutionary Dynamics of Unreduced Gametes

Evolutionary Dynamics of Unreduced Gametes
Paul Kron, Julia M. Kreiner, Brian C. Husband

Unreduced gametes, which have the somatic (2n) chromosome number, are an important precursor to polyploid formation and apomixis. The product of irregularities in meiosis, 2n gametes are expected to be rare and deleterious in most natural populations, contrary to their wide taxonomic distribution and the prevalence of polyploidy. To better understand this discrepancy, we review contemporary evidence related to four aspects of 2n gamete dynamics in natural populations: (i) estimates of their frequency; (ii) their environmental and genetic determinants; (iii) adaptive and nonadaptive processes regulating their evolution; and (iv) factors regulating their union and production of polyploids in diploid populations. Aided by high-throughput methods of detection, these foci will advance our understanding of variation in 2n gametes within and among species, and their role in polyploid evolution.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/trends/genetics/fulltext/S0168-9525(17)30107-5

DOI: 10.1016/j.tig.2017.06.009

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