High-Throughput Imaging for the Discovery of Cellular Mechanisms of Disease
High-throughput imaging (HTI) is a powerful tool in the discovery of cellular disease mechanisms. While traditional approaches to identify disease pathways often rely on knowledge of the causative genetic defect, HTI-based screens offer an unbiased discovery approach based on any morphological or functional defects of disease cells or tissues. In this review, we provide an overview of the use of HTI for the study of human disease mechanisms. We discuss key technical aspects of HTI and highlight representative examples of its practical applications for the discovery of molecular mechanisms of disease, focusing on infectious diseases and host–pathogen interactions, cancer, and rare genetic diseases. We also present some of the current challenges and possible solutions offered by novel cell culture systems and genome engineering approaches.
Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/trends/genetics/fulltext/S0168-9525(17)30103-8
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