4 years ago

Obstetrical and neonatal outcomes from the BEST Trial: single embryo transfer with aneuploidy screening improves outcomes after in vitro fertilization without compromising delivery rates

We sought to determine whether performing elective single embryo transfer (eSET) after trophectoderm biopsy and rapid aneuploidy screening results in improved obstetrical and neonatal outcomes compared with transferring 2 untested embryos. Study Design The Blastocyst Euploid Selective Transfer (BEST) Trial enrolled infertile couples with a female partner up to age 42 years who were undergoing in vitro fertilization. They were randomized to receive transfer of a single euploid embryo (eSET) or to the standard of care with transfer of 2 embryos that were not biopsied for aneuploidy screening (untested 2-embryo transfer). Gestational age at delivery, birthweight, and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) lengths of stay were compared with Mann-Whitney U. The risk of preterm delivery, low birthweight, and NICU admission were compared with χ2. Results Among the 175 randomized patients, the delivery rates were similar (69% after euploid eSET vs 72% after untested 2-embryo transfer; P = .6) through the fresh cycle and up to 1 frozen transfer, with a dramatic difference in multiple births (1.6% vs 47%; P < .0001). The risk of preterm delivery (P = .03), low birthweight (P = .002), and NICU admission (P = .04) were significantly higher after untested 2-embryo transfer. Babies born after untested 2-embryo transfer spent >5 times as many days in the NICU (479 vs 93 days; P = .03). Conclusion By enhancing embryo selection with a validated method of aneuploidy screening, a single euploid embryo with high reproductive potential can be selected for transfer. Using this approach, eSET can be performed without compromising delivery rates and improving the chance of having a healthy, term singleton delivery after in vitro fertilization.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002937813010818

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