5 years ago

Fully-sialylated alpha-chain of complement 4-binding protein: Diagnostic utility for ovarian clear cell carcinoma

While a certain fraction of endometriomas can develop de novo epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) such as clear cell carcinoma (OCCC), there is currently no useful biomarker available for early detection of OCCC from endometriomas. The aim of this study was to describe the diagnostic utility of a novel biomarker for EOC especially for OCCC to distinguish from endometrioma. Methods More than 100,000 glycan structures of serum glycoproteins obtained from 134 pretreatment all stage EOC patients (including 45 OCCCs) and 159 non-cancer control women (including 36 endometriomas) were explored for a mass spectrum approach. Diagnostic accuracy of identified biomarker was compared to the one of CA-125 by comparing area under curve (AUC) and positive/negative predictive values (PPV and NPV). Results A2160, a fully-sialylated alpha-chain of complement 4-binding protein, was identified as a candidate target marker. A2160 was significantly elevated in all stages of OCCC compared to with endometriomas. Diagnostic accuracy of A2160 (cutoff 1.6U/mL) to distinguish early stage OCCC from endometrioma is significantly higher than that of CA-125 (cutoff 35IU/L): AUC for A2160 versus CA-125, 0.92 versus 0.67; PPV 95% versus 64%; and NPV 85% versus 58%. In addition, fully-sialylated glycans had a higher accuracy for diagnosing EOC as compared to partially-sialylated glycans of alpha-chain of complement 4-binding protein. Conclusion Our study suggested that A2160 may be a useful biomarker to distinguish early-stage OCCC from endometrioma. This new biomarker can be potentially applied for the monitoring of endometrioma patients, making possible the early diagnosis of OCCC.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S009082581530161X

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