5 years ago

Autoreactive HSP60 epitope-specific T-cells in early human atherosclerotic lesions

Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of T-cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells in the arterial intima. Classical risk factors lead to over-expression of stress proteins, especially heat shock protein 60 (HSP60). HSP60 on the surface of arterial endothelial cells (ECs) then becomes a target for pre-existing adaptive anti-HSP60 immunity resulting in infiltration of the intima by mononuclear cells. In the present study, T-cells derived from early, clinically still inapparent human atherosclerotic lesions were analyzed phenotypically and for their reactivity against HSP60 and HSP60-derived peptides. HSP60 was detected in ECs and CD40- and HLA Class II-positive cells within the intima. Effector memory CD4+ T-cells producing high amounts of interferon-γ and low levels of interleukin-4 were the dominant subpopulation. T-cells derived from late lesions displayed a more restricted T-cell receptor repertoire to HSP60-derived peptides than those isolated from early lesions. Increased levels of soluble HSP60 and circulating anti-human HSP60 autoantibodies were found in donors with late but not early lesions. This is the first functional study of T-cells derived from early human atherosclerotic lesions that supports the previously proposed concept that HSP60-reactive T-cells initiate atherosclerosis by recognition of atherogenic HSP60 epitopes.


► First analysis of T-cells derived from early human atherosclerotic lesions. ► Proof that HSP60 reactive T-cells precede anti-HSP60 antibodies in atherogenesis. ► Identification of potentially atherogenic HSP60 peptides in human atherosclerosis. ► Interesting future diagnostic and therapeutic potential. ► Support of the “Autoimmune Concept of Atherogenesis”.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0896841112001023

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.