3 years ago

UPBEAT study patients’ perceptions of the effect of coronary heart disease on their lives: A cross-sectional sub-study

Patients can report positive effects of myocardial infarction. It is unknown whether these effects are sustained or what factors influence adaptation. Objectives To explore primary care patients’ perceptions of the effect of coronary heart disease and to identify possible modifiable predictors of adaptation. Design and setting Cross-sectional, sub-study of UPBEAT cohort participants. Patients were recruited from coronary heart disease Registers in South London General Practices. Method 548 participants were asked “Has having heart disease changed your life? If so, was that change for the better, worse, both or neither?” Participants were asked to explain their response; explanations were subjected to content analysis. Associations between response and lifestyle, demographic, mood and coronary heart disease variables were tested. Results Respondents (394 male, 72%) were aged 27–98 years and had had heart disease for a mean of 12.4 SD±8.4 years. 120 (22%) reported that life was better and 200 (37%) said it was worse. The explanations of those who said ‘better’ were categorised as ‘Healthier Living’, ‘Recognised Mortality’ and ‘Stress Reduction’. For those saying ‘worse’, categories were ‘Restricted Lifestyle’, ‘Recognised Mortality’, ‘Loss and Burden’. More anxiety symptoms (RRR 1.56, 95% CI 1.12, 2.17), lower functional status (RRR 2.46, 95% CI 1.21, 4.98) and self-reported chest pain (RRR 2.24, 95% CI 1.34, 3.77) were associated with saying ‘worse’. Conclusions Many primary care patients are ambivalent to the effects of coronary heart disease, but some report positive effects. Negative perceptions are associated with reported functional impairment, chest pain and anxiety, but not illness severity or patient characteristics. Future work will track the implications of these perceptions, but nurses managing patients with coronary heart disease should consider these effects as they may be modifiable predictors of adaptation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0020748914000820

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.