3 years ago

Conical Ionic Amphiphiles Endowed with Micellization Ability but Lacking Air–Water and Oil–Water Interfacial Activity

Conical Ionic Amphiphiles Endowed with Micellization Ability but Lacking Air–Water and Oil–Water Interfacial Activity
Hirohisa Nitta, Mayuko Isomura, Koji Harano, Ellen H. G. Backus, Mischa Bonn, Eiichi Nakamura
Micellization in water and reduction of the surface tension at water interfaces with air and oil are two archetypical properties of surfactants, caused by self-aggregation and Gibbs monolayer formation at the interfaces, respectively. We present here a new type of amphiphiles that possess a conical shape consisting of a hydrophobic apex and five ionic termini at the base of the cone. The conical shape and the high charge density cooperatively impede monolayer formation at the interfaces, hence preventing foaming and emulsification. On the other hand, the conical shape strongly assists micelle formation in water and hemimicelle formation on a solid surface to promote dissolution of nanoparticles such as magnetic nanoparticles and nanocarbons in water. The well-defined shape and charge locations distinguish the new amphiphiles from known polymer amphiphiles that show similar surface activity.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b01596

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b01596

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