5 years ago

Anticancer Ru(η6-p-cymene) complexes of 2-pyridinecarbothioamides: A structure–activity relationship study

Anticancer Ru(η6-p-cymene) complexes of 2-pyridinecarbothioamides: A structure–activity relationship study
Ru(II) and Os(II) complexes of 2-pyridinecarbothioamide ligands were introduced as orally administrable anticancer agents (S.M. Meier, M. Hanif, Z. Adhireksan, V. Pichler, M. Novak, E. Jirkovsky, M.A. Jakupec, V.B. Arion, C.A. Davey, B.K. Keppler, C.G. Hartinger, Chem. Sci., 2013, 4, 1837–1846). In order to identify structure-activity relationships, a series of N-phenyl substituted pyridine-2-carbothiamides (PCAs) were obtained by systematically varying the substituents at the phenyl ring. The PCAs were then converted to their corresponding RuII(η 6-p-cymene) complexes and characterized spectroscopically and by X-ray diffraction as well as in terms of stability in water and HCl. The cytotoxic activity of the PCA ligands and their respective organoruthenium compounds was evaluated in a panel of cell lines (HCT116, H460, SiHa and SW480). The lipophilic PCAs 14 showed cytotoxicity in the low micromolar range and 6 was the most potent compound of the series with an IC50 value of 1.1μM against HCT116 colon cancer cells. These observations were correlated with calculated octanol/water partition coefficient (clogP) data and quantitative estimated druglikeness. A similar trend as for the PCAs was found in their Ru complexes, where the complexes with more lipophilic ligands proved to be more cytotoxic in all tested cell lines. In general, the PCAs and their organoruthenium derivatives demonstrated excellent drug-likeness and cytotoxicity with IC50 values in the low micromolar range, making them interesting candidates for further development as orally active anticancer agents.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0162013417302726

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