3 years ago

A Eutectic Mixture of Natural Fatty Acids Can Serve as the Gating Material for Near-Infrared-Triggered Drug Release

A Eutectic Mixture of Natural Fatty Acids Can Serve as the Gating Material for Near-Infrared-Triggered Drug Release
Qiaoshan Chen, Song Shen, Jiajia Xue, Da Huo, Younan Xia, Chunlei Zhu
A smart release system responsive to near-infrared (NIR) light is developed for intracellular drug delivery. The concept is demonstrated by coencapsulating doxorubicin (DOX) (an anticancer drug) and IR780 iodide (IR780) (an NIR-absorbing dye) into nanoparticles made of a eutectic mixture of naturally occurring fatty acids. The eutectic mixture has a well-defined melting point at 39 °C, and can be used as a biocompatible phase-change material for NIR-triggered drug release. The resultant nanoparticles exhibit prominent photothermal effect and quick drug release in response to NIR irradiation. Fluorescence microscopy analysis indicates that the DOX trapped in the nanoparticles can be efficiently released into the cytosol under NIR irradiation, resulting in enhanced anticancer activity. A new platform is thus offered for designing effective intracellular drug-release systems, holding great promise for future cancer therapy. A smart system responsive to near-infrared (NIR) light is developed by coencapsulating a drug and an NIR-absorbing dye into nanoparticles made of a eutectic mixture of naturally occurring fatty acids. Photothermal heating under NIR irradiation facilitates rapid and efficient intracellular drug release, leading to enhancement in anticancer activity.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703702

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