5 years ago

Immune-stimulating activity of water-soluble extracellular polysaccharide isolated from Rhizobium massiliae

Immune-stimulating activity of water-soluble extracellular polysaccharide isolated from Rhizobium massiliae
The aim of this study is to investigate biochemical properties of water-soluble extracellular polysaccharide (WSP) from a novel bacterial strain designated to CA-1 and classified to Rhizobium massiliae by 16S rDNA sequence determination and homology analysis. The main composition of WSP was determined to be glucose by HPAEC. We evaluated immunomodulatory effects of WSP on RAW 264.7 macrophage activation. The results showed that the WSP dose-dependently induced the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6. In addition, WSP induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and increased the production of nitric oxide (NO). Intriguingly, WSP remarkably increased the mRNA expression of Toll-like receptor- 2 (TLR-2) and the phosphorylation of MAPKs (ERK, JNK and p38) in RAW 264.7 cells. These results indicated that WSP activates macrophages to secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines and induces iNOS expression via the activation of the TLR-2/MAPKs signaling pathways. Conclusively, we suggest that WSP of R. massiliae CA-1 can be a new immunomodulatory enhancing the early innate immunity.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S135951131731036X

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.