Mpp6 Incorporation in the Nuclear Exosome Contributes to RNA Channeling through the Mtr4 Helicase
The RNA-degrading exosome mediates the processing and decay of many cellular transcripts. In the yeast nucleus, the ubiquitous 10-subunit exosome core complex (Exo-9–Rrp44) functions with four conserved cofactors (Rrp6, Rrp47, Mtr4, and Mpp6). Biochemical and structural studies to date have shed insights into the mechanisms of the exosome core and its nuclear cofactors, with the exception of Mpp6. We report the 3.2-Å resolution crystal structure of a S. cerevisiae Exo-9–Mpp6 complex, revealing how linear motifs in the Mpp6 middle domain bind Rrp40 via evolutionary conserved residues. In particular, Mpp6 binds near a tryptophan residue of Rrp40 that is mutated in human patients suffering from pontocerebellar hypoplasia. Using biochemical assays, we show that Mpp6 is required for the ability of Mtr4 to extend the trajectory of an RNA entering the exosome core, suggesting that it promotes the channeling of substrates from the nuclear helicase to the processive RNase.
Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/cell-reports/fulltext/S2211-1247(17)31140-3
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.