3 years ago

Abrupt climate changes during Termination III in Southern Europe [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]

Abrupt climate changes during Termination III in Southern Europe [Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences]
Ana Moreno, Isabel Cacho, Carlos Perez–Meȷias, R. Lawrence Edwards, Heather Stoll, Miguel Bartolome, Carlos Sancho, Hai Cheng

The Late Quaternary glacial–interglacial transitions represent the highest amplitude climate changes over the last million years. Unraveling the sequence of events and feedbacks at Termination III (T-III), including potential abrupt climate reversals similar to those of the last Termination, has been particularly challenging due to the scarcity of well-dated records worldwide. Here, we present speleothem data from southern Europe covering the interval from 262.7 to 217.9 kyBP, including the transition from marine isotope stage (MIS) 8 to MIS 7e. High-resolution δ13C, δ18O, and Mg/Ca profiles reveal major millennial-scale changes in aridity manifested in changing water availability and vegetation productivity. uranium–thorium dates provide a solid chronology for two millennial-scale events (S8.1 and S8.2) which, compared with the last two terminations, has some common features with Heinrich 1 and Heinrich 2 in Termination I (T-I).

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