5 years ago

Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex GABA deficit in older adults with sleep-disordered breathing [Neuroscience]

Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex GABA deficit in older adults with sleep-disordered breathing [Neuroscience]
Dikoma C. Shungu, Xiangling Mao, Ana C. Pereira, Guoxin Kang, Bruce S. McEwen, Sara Milrad, Caroline S. Jiang, Ana C. Krieger

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common disorder in aging that is associated with cognitive decline, including significant executive dysfunction, for which the neurobiological underpinnings remain poorly understood. Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), this study assessed whether dysregulation of the homeostatic balance of the major inhibitory and excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter systems of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate, respectively, play a role in SDB. Levels of GABA and those of the combined resonances of glutamate and glutamine (Glx), were measured by 1H MRS in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (l-DLPFC) and bilateral hippocampal regions of 19 older adults (age ± SD: 66.1 ± 1.9 years) with moderate to severe SDB, defined as having an Apnea–Hypopnea Index (AHI) greater than 15 as assessed by polysomnography, and in 14 older adults (age ± SD: 62.3 ± 1.3 years) without SDB (AHI < 5). In subjects with SDB, levels of l-DLPFC GABA, but not Glx, were significantly lower than in control subjects (P < 0.0002). Additionally, there was a negative correlation between l-DLPFC GABA levels, but not Glx, and SDB severity by AHI (r = -0.68, P < 0.0001), and a positive correlation between l-DLPFC GABA levels, but not Glx, and minimal oxygen saturation during sleep (r = 0.62, P = 0.0005). By contrast, no group differences or oxygenation associations were found for levels of GABA or Glx in right or left hippocampal region. These findings are interpreted in terms of a pathophysiological model of SDB in which hypoxia-mediated inhibitory neurotransmission deficit in DLPFC could lead to hyperexcitability and, potentially neuronal dysfunction and cognitive decline.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.