3 years ago

Renal-Clearable Ultrasmall Coordination Polymer Nanodots for Chelator-Free 64Cu-Labeling and Imaging-Guided Enhanced Radiotherapy of Cancer

Renal-Clearable Ultrasmall Coordination Polymer Nanodots for Chelator-Free 64Cu-Labeling and Imaging-Guided Enhanced Radiotherapy of Cancer
Liang Cheng, Jonathan W. Engle, Kaiqi Nie, Yu Chao, Zhuang Liu, Peng Huang, Christopher J. Kutyreff, Dawei Jiang, Ziliang Dong, Sida Shen, Weibo Cai
Developing tumor-homing nanoparticles with integrated diagnostic and therapeutic functions, and meanwhile could be rapidly excreted from the body, would be of great interest to realize imaging-guided precision treatment of cancer. In this study, an ultrasmall coordination polymer nanodot (CPN) based on the coordination between tungsten ions (WVI) and gallic acid (W-GA) was developed via a simple method. After polyethylene glycol (PEG) modification, PEGylated W-GA (W-GA-PEG) CPNs with an ultrasmall hydrodynamic diameter of 5 nm were rather stable in various physiological solutions. Without the need of chelator molecules, W-GA-PEG CPNs could be efficiently labeled with radioisotope 64Cu2+, enabling positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, which reveals efficient tumor accumulation and rapid renal clearance of W-GA-PEG CPNs upon intravenous injection. Utilizing the radio-sensitizing function of tungsten with strong X-ray absorption, such W-GA-PEG CPNs were able to greatly enhance the efficacy of cancer radiotherapy in inhibiting the tumor growth. With fast clearance and little long-term body retention, those W-GA-PEG CPNs exhibited no appreciable in vivo toxicity. This study presents a type of CPNs with excellent imaging and therapeutic abilities as well as rapid renal clearance behavior, promising for further clinic translation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03857

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03857

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.