3 years ago

Performance and Safety of a New Ab Interno Gelatin Stent in Refractory Glaucoma at 12 Months

To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering performance and safety of an ab interno gelatin stent (XEN® 45 Gel Stent, Allergan plc), a minimally invasive glaucoma surgery device, in refractory glaucoma. Design Single-arm, open-label, multicenter clinical study. Methods Following mitomycin pretreatment, the stent was placed ab interno in patients who failed prior filtering/cilioablative procedure or had uncontrolled IOP on maximum-tolerated medical therapy, with medicated IOP ≥20 and ≤35 mmHg and visual field mean deviation ≤−3 dB. Primary performance outcomes: patients (%) achieving ≥20% IOP reduction from baseline on the same or fewer medications and mean IOP change from baseline at month 12. Procedure-related complications and ocular adverse events (AEs) were assessed. Results Sixty-five patients were implanted (intent-to-treat/safety population). At 12 months, 75.4% (46/61; observed data) reported ≥20% IOP lowering from baseline on the same or fewer medications. Mean IOP change from baseline was −9.1 mmHg (95% CI: −10.7, −7.5) (n=52; observed data) at 12 months, excluding patients with missing data (n=4) and those requiring a glaucoma-related secondary surgical intervention (n=9). Mean medication count decreased from 3.5 (baseline) to 1.7 (12 months). No intraoperative complications or unexpected postoperative AEs were reported. Most AEs were mild/moderate; common AEs included needling (without sight-threatening complications), non-persistent loss of best-corrected visual acuity, and transient hypotony (requiring no surgical intervention). Conclusions The gelatin stent reduced IOP and medication use without raising unexpected safety concerns, offering a minimally invasive surgical option for refractory glaucoma patients.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002939417303240

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