3 years ago

Efficacy of Latanoprostene Bunod 0.024% Compared With Timolol 0.5% in Lowering Intraocular Pressure Over 24 Hours

To compare the diurnal and nocturnal effects of latanoprostene bunod 0.024% solution with timolol maleate 0.5% solution on intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular perfusion pressure. Design Prospective, open-label randomized crossover trial. Methods Twenty-five patients (aged 43–82 years) with ocular hypertension or early primary open-angle glaucoma were enrolled. Baseline IOP and blood pressure were measured in a sleep laboratory every 2 hours in the sitting and supine positions during the 16-hour diurnal/wake period and in the supine position during the 8-hour nocturnal/sleep period. Subjects were randomly assigned to bilateral treatments of latanoprostene bunod at 8 PM or timolol at 8 AM and 8 PM. The second laboratory recording occurred after the 4-week treatment. Subjects were crossed over to the comparator treatment for 4 weeks before the third laboratory recording. Mean IOP and calculated ocular perfusion pressure were compared for the diurnal and nocturnal periods. Results Twenty-one subjects completed the study. Both treatments reduced diurnal sitting and supine IOP compared to baseline by 2.3–3.9 mm Hg (all P < .001) with no statistically significant difference between the 2 treatments. Nocturnal IOP under latanoprostene bunod treatment was 2.5 ± 3.1 mm Hg (mean ± SD) less than baseline (P = .002) and 2.3 ± 3.0 mm Hg less than timolol treatment (P = .004). Latanoprostene bunod treatment resulted in greater diurnal sitting and supine ocular perfusion pressures compared with baseline (P ≤ .006) and greater nocturnal ocular perfusion pressure compared with timolol treatment (P = .010). Conclusions During the nocturnal period, latanoprostene bunod caused more IOP reduction and more increase of ocular perfusion pressure than timolol.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002939416301945

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