5 years ago

Effects of short malunion of the clavicle on in vivo scapular kinematics

Short malunion of the clavicle after fracture can change scapular kinematics and alter clinical outcome. However, the effects of malunion on kinematics and outcomes remains poorly understood because there have been no in vivo studies measuring changes during active motion with malunion. This study aimed to measure and to compare in vivo 3-dimensional (3D) scapular kinematics between normal shoulders and shoulders with short malunion using 3D–2-dimensional model image registration techniques. Methods Fifteen patients with clavicle fracture who had been treated conservatively were enrolled in this study. In these patients, the angle of scapular upward rotation, posterior tilting, and external rotation were compared between shoulders with short malunion and contralateral, normal shoulders. A 3D–2-dimensional model image registration technique was used to determine the 3D orientation of the scapula. Results Scapular upward rotation increased following increase of the arm elevation angle and also showed a significant difference by arm elevation in both groups (P = .04). Posterior tilting of the scapula gradually increased as the arm abduction angle increased, and this varied significantly between groups (P = .01). Shoulders with short malunion also showed a more internally rotated position than the contralateral, normal shoulders between 100° and the maximum abduction angle (P = .04). Conclusion Our results suggest that clavicle shortening of >10% greatly affects scapular kinematics in vivo. Further studies will be needed to determine the clinical implications of short malunion of the clavicle.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1058274617301581

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