3 years ago

Rhodium-Catalyzed Stereospecific C−H Amination for the Construction of Spiroaminal Cores: Reactivity Difference between Nitrenoid and Carbenoid Species against Amide Functionality

Rhodium-Catalyzed Stereospecific C−H Amination for the Construction of Spiroaminal Cores: Reactivity Difference between Nitrenoid and Carbenoid Species against Amide Functionality
Shingo Harada, Tetsuhiro Nemoto, Masato Kono
Metal nitrenoids and metal carbenoids exhibit similar reactivity for insertion into a C−H bond and a C=C double bond. These reactions have attracted the attention of organic chemists due to their unusual bond-forming ability, but the reactivity difference between these chemical species has not been studied. In this paper, we examined the reactivity difference using the corresponding Rh nitrenoid and Rh carbenoid precursors. The Rh nitrenoid inserted into an intramolecular C(sp3)−H bond adjacent to an amide nitrogen, affording functionalized spiroaminals that are ubiquitous in natural products, while the Rh carbenoid inserted into an amide C−N bond. The totally different reactivity was rationalized by the relatively low energy barrier for the C−H insertion reaction of the Rh nitrenoid. Computational analysis suggests that the origin of the discrepancy is the electrophilicity of the coordinating atoms to the Rh complex. Off to the Rhodeo: Metal nitrenoids and metal carbenoids exhibit similar reactivity; however, no studies to date have examined the reactivity differences. Experimental and computational analyses suggest that the origin of the discrepancy is the electrophilicity of the coordinating atoms to the Rh complex. Diverse spiroaminals were constructed using a Rh-catalyzed insertion into a C−H bond adjacent to an amide nitrogen.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701464

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