5 years ago

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction–Based Detection of Bordetella pertussis in Mexican Infants and Their Contacts: A 3-Year Multicenter Study

To evaluate the usefulness of real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as a diagnostic method for the detection of Bordetella pertussis in hospitalized patients aged <1 year with a clinical diagnosis of whooping cough, as well as to identify the role of household contacts as a source of infection. Study design This was a prospective, multicenter study of infants aged <1 year who were hospitalized with symptoms suggestive of whooping cough. Nasopharyngeal samples were obtained for culture and RT-PCR testing. The clinical and epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. B pertussis detection and symptoms in household contacts of patients diagnosed with pertussis were studied. Results A total of 286 patients were included; of these, 67.1% had B pertussis and 4.5% had Bordetella spp. Complications occurred in 20% of patients, and the mortality rate was 6.7%. Of 434 contacts studied, 111 were mothers of study infants, representing the most frequently B pertussis–infected group and the main symptomatic contact. Conclusion The use of RT-PCR permits improved detection and diagnosis of pertussis and a better understanding of the epidemiology of sources of infection. The complications and mortality rate of pertussis continue to be high. Household contacts are confirmed as a frequent source of infection of B pertussis in young children.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022347617306534

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.