5 years ago

A Prospective Natural History Study of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA

To characterize the clinical course of mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA), and identify potential endpoints for future treatment trials. Study design Children with a confirmed diagnosis of MPS IIIA, functioning above a developmental age of 1 year, were followed for up to 2 years. Cognitive status and brain atrophy were assessed by standardized tests and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging, respectively. Liver and spleen volumes and cerebrospinal fluid and urine biomarker levels were measured. Results Twenty-five children, from 1.1 to 18.4 years old, were enrolled, and 24 followed for at least 12 months. 19 exhibited a rapidly progressing (RP) form of MPS IIIA, and 5, a more slowly progressing form. Children with RP plateaued in development by 30 months, followed by rapid regression after 40-50 months. In patients with RP, cognitive developmental quotients showed consistent steep declines associated with progressive cortical gray matter atrophy. Children with slowly progressing had a similar but more prolonged course. Liver and spleen volumes were approximately double normal size, and cerebrospinal fluid and urine heparin sulfate levels were elevated and relatively constant over time. Conclusion Developmental quotient and cortical gray matter volume are sensitive markers of disease progression in MPS IIIA, and may have utility as clinical endpoints in treatment trials. For optimal outcomes, treatment may need to be instituted in children before the onset of steep cognitive decline and brain atrophy. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01047306.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022347615014912

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