5 years ago

Non-invasive epicutaneous vaccine against Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Preclinical proof of concept

Non-invasive epicutaneous vaccine against Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Preclinical proof of concept
To put a Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) vaccine onto the market, new vaccination strategies combining scientific and technical innovations need to be explored. Such a vaccine would also need to be adapted to the vaccination of young children that are the principal victims of acute RSV infection. In the present project, we describe the development and the preclinical evaluation of an original epicutaneous RSV vaccine that combines two technologies: Viaskin® epicutaneous patches as a delivery platform and RSV N-nanorings (N) as a subunit antigen. Such a needle-free vaccine may have a better acceptability for the vaccination of sensible population such as infants since it does not require any skin preparation. Moreover, this self-applicative vaccine would overcome some issues associated to injectable vaccines such as the requirement of sterile medical devices, the need of skilled health-care professionals and the necessity of stringent store conditions. Here, we demonstrate that Viaskin® patches loaded with a formulation containing N-nanorings (Viaskin®-N) are highly immunogenic in mice and promotes a Th1/Th17 oriented immune response. More importantly, Viaskin®-N epicutaneous vaccine confers a high level of protection against viral replication upon RSV challenge in mice, without exacerbating clinical symptoms. In swine, which provides the best experimental model for the transcutaneous passage of drug/antigen in human skin, we have shown that GFP fluorescent N-nanorings, delivered epicutaneously with Viaskin® patches, are taken up by epidermal Langerhans cells. We have also demonstrated that Viaskin®-N induced a significant RSV N-specific T-cell response in pig. In conclusion, Viaskin®-N epicutaneous vaccine seems efficient to protect against RSV infection in animal model.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016836591630904X

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