3 years ago

Supramolecular Hydrogels Based on Minimalist Amphiphilic Squaramide–Squaramates for Controlled Release of Zwitterionic Biomolecules

Supramolecular Hydrogels Based on Minimalist Amphiphilic Squaramide–Squaramates for Controlled Release of Zwitterionic Biomolecules
Carlos López, Marta Ximenis, Carmen Rotger, Antonio Costa, Francisca Orvay
Supramolecular hydrogels with tunable properties have innovative applications in biomedicine, catalysis, and materials chemistry. Minimalist low-molecular-weight hydrogelators based on squaramide and squaramic acid motifs have been designed. This approach benefits from the high acidity of squaramic acids and the aromaticity of squaramides. Moreover, substituents on the aryl ring tune the π density of the arylsquaramide motif. Thus, materials featuring distinct thermal and mechanical properties have been successfully prepared. The hydrogel (G′≈400 Pa, G′′≈57 Pa; at 1.0 % w/v; 1 Hz) obtained from 4-nitrophenylsquaramide motif 1 is thermoreversible (T=57 °C at 0.2 % w/v), thixotropic, self-healable, and undergoes irreversible shrinking in response to saline stress. Furthermore, the hydrogel is injectable and can be loaded with substantial amounts (5:1 excess molar ratio) of zwitterionic biomolecules, such as l-carnitine, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), or d,l-Ala-d,l-Ala, without any loss of structural integrity. Then, the release of these molecules can be modulated by saline solutions. Drop the payload! Smart supramolecular hydrogels based on squaramides and squaramate synthons are thermoreversible, thixotropic, and injectable. These hydrogels can be loaded with zwitterions and display ion-stimulated shrinking and release of the payload (see figure). This combination of properties is unusual in supramolecular hydrogels derived from low-molecular-weight hydrogelators.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701029

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.