5 years ago

GIP(3–30)NH2 is a potent competitive antagonist of the GIP receptor and effectively inhibits GIP-mediated insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin release

GIP(3–30)NH2 is a potent competitive antagonist of the GIP receptor and effectively inhibits GIP-mediated insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin release
Alternative processing of the precursor protein pro-GIP results in endogenously produced GIP(1–30)NH2, that by DPP-4 cleavage in vivo results in the metabolite GIP(3–30)NH2. We showed previously that GIP(3–30)NH2 is a high affinity antagonist of the human GIPR in vitro. Here we determine whether it is suitable for studies of GIP physiology in rats since effects of GIP agonists and antagonists are strictly species-dependent. Transiently transfected COS-7 cells were assessed for cAMP accumulation upon ligand stimulation or assayed in competition binding using human 125I-GIP(1–42) as radioligand. In isolated perfused rat pancreata, insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin-releasing properties were evaluated. Competition binding demonstrated that on the rat GIP receptor (GIPR), rat GIP(3–30)NH2 bound with high affinity (Ki of 17nM), in contrast to human GIP(3–30)NH2 (Ki of 250nM). In cAMP studies, rat GIP(3–30)NH2 inhibited GIP(1–42)-induced rat GIPR activation and schild-plot analysis showed competitive antagonism with a pA2 of 13nM and a slope of 0.9±0.09. Alone, rat GIP(3–30)NH2 displayed weak, low-potent partial agonistic properties (EC50 >1μM) with an efficacy of 9.4% at 0.32μM compared to GIP(1–42). In perfused rat pancreata, rat GIP(3–30)NH2 efficiently antagonized rat GIP(1–42)-induced insulin, somatostatin, and glucagon secretion. In summary, rat GIP(3–30)NH2 is a high affinity competitive GIPR antagonist and effectively antagonizes GIP-mediated G protein-signaling as well as pancreatic hormone release, while human GIP(3–30)NH2, despite a difference of only one amino acid between the two (arginine in position 18 in rat GIP(3–30)NH2; histidine in human), is unsuitable in the rat system. This underlines the importance of species differences in the GIP system, and the limitations of testing human peptides in rodent systems.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0006295217300898

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.