5 years ago

Dissecting histone deacetylase role in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration

Dissecting histone deacetylase role in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is a rare and devasting condition characterized by elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary artery pressure leading to right-heart failure and premature death. Pathologic alterations in proliferation, migration and survival of all cell types composing the vascular tissue play a key role in the occlusion of the vascular lumen. In the current study, we initially investigated the action of selective class I and class II HDAC inhibitors on the proliferation and migration of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) after exposure to Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF). Class I HDAC inhibitors were able to counteract the hyperproliferative response to PDGF, reducing both proliferation and migration in PASMCs, while class II were ineffective. Selective silencing with siRNAs targeted against different HDACs revealed a major role of class I, and within this class, of HDAC1 in mediating PDGF-induced Akt Phosphorylation and Cyclin D1 (CycD1) expression. These results from these combinatorial approaches were further confirmed by the ability of a specific HDAC1 inhibitor to antagonize the PDGF action. The finding that HDAC1 is a major conductor of PDGF-induced patterning in PAH-PASMCs prompts the development of novel selective inhibitors of this member of class I HDACs as a potential tool to control lung vascular homeostasis in PAH.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0006295214004171

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